Piikani Nation Treaty



Find out everything you ever wanted to know about the biology and ecology of grizzly bears. Authored by world-renowned bear biologist Dr. David Mattson, this site summarizes and synthesizes in beautiful graphic form the science of grizzly bears.


Find out how much Native Americans care about the grizzly bear, with a Grizzly Treaty that has been signed by more than 270 tribes, as well as numerous traditional societies and leaders. The document has become a symbol of international unity in defense of sovereignty, spiritual and religious protection, and treaty rights. 


For an in depth and comprehensive look at the ecology and demography of grizzly bears in the northern US Rocky Mountains, along with all the research relevant to conservation of these bears, see Mostly Natural History of the Northern Rocky Mountains.


GOAL is a coalition of nearly 50 tribes  (and counting) who object to the federal and state plans to delist grizzly bears prematurely and allow trophy

hunting of this sacred being.

GOAL advocates for the tribes'

legal right to meaningful consultation and also for the reconection of tribal peoples to their traditional homelands

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This website and its content is copyright of Grizzly Times © Louisa Willcox 2017. All rights reserved




The following are grizzly-related films/clips and conservation contacts suggested by Louisa Willcox, Grizzly Times Founder

Frank and John Craighead, Pioneers of Grizzly Bear Research


In this film clip, pioneer researchers and conservationists Frank and John Craighead are surprised by a drugged grizzly who charges their Rambler (aka “The Blood Clot”).


"The Craighead brothers are famous for pioneering studies of grizzly bears in Yellowstone National Park, and for numerous articles and documentaries published by National Geographic. Their groundbreaking work inspired efforts to save the species from extinction in the lower-48 states." - National Geographic Dr. Robert Ruff (wearing the red shirt in the clip).


Circa 1967. (I have to wonder where the camera person was shooting from!)

The Grizzly Bear - A Case Study in Field Research

Circa 1967. (Poor quality, but still amazing.)

This classic film demonstrates various methods for gathering information on grizzly bears. It shows how Frank and John Craighead's studies helped save grizzlies from extinction, and presents photographs of the grizzlies of Yellowstone National Park in their natural habitats. (There is a long National Geographic film, but they charge for it.)

Doug and Andrea Peacock, Authors, Naturalists

Circa 1967. (Poor quality, but still amazing.)

Author, Vietnam veteran, defender of grizzlies and the wild, and the model for Hayduke in Edward Abbey's The Monkey Wrench Gang, Doug Peacock has been a legendary figure in the US environmental movement for the last 25 years.

Doug served in Vietnam as a Green Beret medic, trying to preserve life on the battlefield. He came home an emotional and spiritual wreck.

Running for refuge to the last islands of uninhabited wilderness in the American West, Peacock discovered a fellow creature who had also been driven back to the same mountain sanctuary, among the tarns and granite peaks - the endangered grizzly bear. Living on the hunting grounds of this beast - a beautiful, playful, intelligent, fiercely dangerous animal - led Peacock back to a sense of his own humanity, and humility, before nature.

He wrote a bestselling book, The Grizzly Years, based on his experiences, and made this incredibly moving film that tells the story of one man's determination to resist the destructive forces which threaten our world and the survival of the wild creatures who live in it.

Peacock's War

Doug Peacock on the Today Show

Circa 1978.

Doug and Andrea Peacock interviewed by Amy Goodman of Democracy Now!

Walking It Off: A Veteran’s Chronicle of War and Wilderness

Casey Anderson

Filmmaker and naturalist Casey Anderson rescued a grizzly bear cub he named Brutus, more than a decade ago. Together they strive to educate kids and adults about the importance of sharing our habitat.

Man and Grizzly Bear – Rewriting History - May, 2016

To learn more about Casey Anderson, watch the full-length story.

Man and Grizzly Bear – Adventures with Bella

Meet Bella, an orphaned grizzly bear cub living at the Montana Grizzly Encounter in Bozeman, MT.

Learn more about Casey Anderson’s mission to help grizzly bears here:

Doug and Lynne Seus, and Bart the Bear (and Other Bears in Their Family)

The grizzly bear named Bart was born in a zoo in 1977, was adopted by Doug and Lynne Seus, and trained to be a film star.

The Seuses’ grand adventures with Bart took them from the Austrian Alps to the glamorous backstage of the Academy Awards. Bart appeared in hundreds of films, including The Bear, The Great Outdoors, Legends of the Fall, Clan of the Cave Bear, and The Edge, among others. He passed away in 2000.

This video is a tribute to Bart, the Seuses, and the conservation nonprofit they created to protect habitat for wild grizzlies, The Vital Ground Foundation in Missoula, MT. Since its founding in 1990, Vital Ground has helped enhance, restore and

conserve 600,000 acres of wildlife habitat in Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming and British Columbia.

The Legacy of Bart the Bear

For more information or to make a donation visit The Vital Ground Foundation

Stopping the Trophy Grizzly Bear Hunt in British Columbia

Presented by Lush Cosmetics

The film Trophy challenges the controversial “sport” that is trophy hunting of grizzly bears across North America, and asks: Can we truly justify killing these animals for entertainment?

Partly due to this film and enormous public protest, the provincial government of British Columbia banned the grizzly bear trophy hunt. The first announcement was made in Nov. 2017, but the full ban went into effect on Easter Sunday, 2018.

To learn more about the fight for grizzlies, visit:
Raincoast Conservation Foundation
Pacific Wild

Charlie Russell: Bear Whisperer, Author, Rancher

A “bear whisperer,” rancher and author, Charlie Russell’s visionary and courageous work has overthrown countless widely held convictions concerning the nature of grizzly bears. He is the one of only a handful of people to ever successfully demonstrate that, when treated as intelligent beings, worthy and deserving of respect, grizzly bears will co-exist peacefully with humans.

Another Way to Think About Bears

Below is a video featuring the famous Bear Man of Kamchatka, naturalist Charlie Russell, son of the famous Ontario conservationist Andy Russell. Charlie has starred in four documentaries and TV programs, and is the author of three books: Spirit Bear, Grizzly Heart, and Grizzly Seasons.

His groundbreaking research on wild brown bears in the Russian far east has shed light on amazing potentials and possibilities for human-bear coexistence, and his efforts have helped lead to the vastly improved protection of the threatened pristine Kamchatka ecosystem.

Here is a photomontage of his astonishing work with Russian bears set to Ray Lynch's "The Oh of Pleasure".


Note: This sort of interaction with bears is NOT recommended, most bears are too negatively influenced by humans, and are not as trustworthy as these bears you see in these photographs. These bears have interacted with few humans aside from Charlie, and are not influenced to look for human food as a source, so their involvement with humans like Charlie is sheer fresh Edenic curiosity and friendship. Also, many of these bears Charlie raised and released into the wild himself. Charlie follows very careful standards and precautions, and knows the limits, though as he has discovered they are much further out than most bear "experts" let on.

Living Without Fear Among the Bears
Kay Rush Incontra Charlie Russell (Interview)

Trento Film Festival 2008

Charlie Russell shares his experiences and views about why bears matter.
The Good, the Bad and the Grizzly
By Shane Moore
Spirit Bear Lodge: Legend of British Columbia’s Great Bear Rainforest

This amazing video of the Spirit Bear Lodge on the coast of British Columbia, operated by the Kitasoo/Xai'Xai Nation, discusses the revitalizing of their community, and demonstrates how sustainable practices can succeed economically, environmentally and culturally. It’s an inspiring success story!

Corn Bears: Keeping grizzlies away from agricultural food sources in Montana's Mission Valley.
Coexistence of Grizzlies with Humans
Chris Morgan: Bear Educator, TV Personality

Grizzly bears have lived in the North Cascades for 20,000 years. Today, fewer than ten of them remain. After decades of research, the National Park Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service and other agencies have released proposals to support recovery of this iconic species.


Ecologist and bear expert Chris Morgan tells the story of grizzly bear recovery in Montana’s Cabinet Mountains. Grizzly recovery, done through science and community involvement, could serve as a model for the North Cascades.

Time for the Grizzly?

A Chris Morgan Wildlife / Wildlife Media Production.

MPG Ranch (MT) presents Cub Life: Breakups and Bear Rubs

Yearling black bear cubs spend springtime with mom and siblings…until the big breakup happens. What’s the story with family breakups? Why and when does it happen? What do yearlings and moms do afterwards? Do yearling bears announce their presence via bear rubs or do they hide out?


This film investigates these questions, examining these important life history moments in the lives of 11 yearling bears documented since 2012.

Black Bear Cub Life: Breakups and Bear Rubs

Video by Kylie Paul and Alan Ramsey

The MPG Ranch in Missoula, MT – more cool wildlife videos are on their site www.mpgranch.com

Spirit Bear and the Northern Gateway Pipeline

The Spirit Bear, also known as the Kermode bear, is a rare subspecies of the black bear living on the islands and mainland of British Columbia’s mid-coast. This rare subspecies of the American black bear is made up of both black and pure white color phases, with a striking, polar bear-like appearance.

Although black bears may be born white on occasion anywhere in their range, due to a genetic mutation, as many as one in ten Kermode bears is born white on Gribble Island. In other parts of the subspecies’ range, the frequency is closer to one in fifty. The rare spirit bear lives only in this remote, wild area of British Columbia.


The home of the spirit bear is now threatened by Enbridge Inc.’s proposed Northern Gateway Pipeline and tanker project, that would transport dirty bitumen crude oil from Alberta’s Tar Sands to a port in Kitimat, B.C., and on to Asian markets in super-tankers that can hold up to 2 million barrels of oil.

This pipeline winds through the heart of spirit bear habitat. The habitat is sensitive, and the marine waters are treacherous. An oil spill the scale of the Exxon Valdez spill could cover the coast from Washington State to Southeast Alaska. Tar Sands’ bitumen is the heaviest, most viscous form of crude oil, and its nature makes cleaning up a spill nearly impossible, even in the best conditions. The remoteness of the wild habitat makes responding difficult, and extreme weather could easily delay spill response by weeks.


In addition to the ecological losses that would result from an oil spill, First Nations in coastal B.C. depend on marine resources for their food and livelihood, and the larger Canadian economy relies on the valuable fisheries and other natural resources. A spill could destroy some of the world’s last wild Pacific salmon runs.


Learn more about the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline and tanker project, and the Gitga’at Nation’s fight to save their home and spirit bear habitat here.

Listen to spirit bear guide, Marven Robinson’s eloquent account of how Enbridge threatens his home and community.

B.C.’s Huge Gamble

This short (9 minute) film shows what happened when Enbridge’s pipeline spilled Tar Sands’ bitumen into Michigan’s Talmadge Creek, and ultimately, the Kalamazoo River, and what we can expect from Enbridge’s proposed project in B.C.

Drums of the Great Bear

This six minute film by Damien Gillis showing the Gitga’at, Tsimshian and other First Nations’ powerful demonstration against the pipeline project in Prince Rupert, B.C..


The Great Bear Foundation supported the efforts of the Kitasoo and Heiltsuk Nations, and the Valhalla Wilderness Society in B.C. to create a Spirit Bear Conservancy in 2006. This group protects habitat, not only for spirit bears, but for the myriad species of the rare temperate rainforest ecosystem.

Chuck Jonkel: Bear Researcher, Educator, Conservationist

The Great Bear Foundation and Salish Kootenai College Media have been hard at work on a film project documenting the life and work of GBF President and pioneer bear biologist, Chuck Jonkel.


Walking Bear Comes Home combines archival film footage of Jonkel’s historic polar bear research in the Canadian Arctic with interviews with Jonkel, his colleagues, friends and family, to tell the story of one of the most interesting characters in wildlife conservation.


Jonkel developed the first capture-and-handling procedures for polar bears and black bears, developed the first database on Canada’s polar bears and their habitat requirements, co-drafted and signed the International Agreement on Conservation of Polar Bears, directed the first comprehensive study on the habitat requirements of the grizzly bear in the lower-48 states, co-founded the Great Bear Foundation and the International Wildlife Film Festival, along with many, many more achievements that have helped to protect wildlife and habitat in North America and beyond.

Walking Bear Comes Home: the Life of Chuck Jonkel