Piikani Nation Treaty



Find out everything you ever wanted to know about the biology and ecology of grizzly bears. Authored by world-renowned bear biologist Dr. David Mattson, this site summarizes and synthesizes in beautiful graphic form the science of grizzly bears.


Find out how much Native Americans care about the grizzly bear, with a Grizzly Treaty that has been signed by more than 270 tribes, as well as numerous traditional societies and leaders. The document has become a symbol of international unity in defense of sovereignty, spiritual and religious protection, and treaty rights. 


For an in depth and comprehensive look at the ecology and demography of grizzly bears in the northern US Rocky Mountains, along with all the research relevant to conservation of these bears, see Mostly Natural History of the Northern Rocky Mountains.


GOAL is a coalition of nearly 50 tribes  (and counting) who object to the federal and state plans to delist grizzly bears prematurely and allow trophy

hunting of this sacred being.

GOAL advocates for the tribes'

legal right to meaningful consultation and also for the reconection of tribal peoples to their traditional homelands

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Grizzly bears are threatened by habitat loss, excessive killing by humans, and climate change -- not only in the lower-48 states, but throughout their range worldwide. Grizzly bear managers have repeatedly stated that the lions’ share of grizzly bear deaths are avoidable. Yet, progress towards recovery, especially steps to reduce human-caused mortality, continues to be tragically uneven. 

This section summarizes the role that Corrupt Institutions play in slowing efforts toward recovery. Inadequate Goals contribute to the problem, in the context of what is needed to truly recover grizzlies in the lower-48 states.  These problems lead to perverse and Corrupt Outcomes both for bears and for people who live with them or flock to places like Yellowstone and Glacier to see bears in the wild. 

But there is A Better Way to manage bears and protect the broader public interest. It is not too late to get it right and recover grizzlies in the lower-48 states.