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Comments on the 2016 USFWS Draft Rule to Delist Yellowstone Grizzly Bears

These comments address numerous problems in the Draft Rule related to interpretations of science, the deployed logic, and the invoked science itself. All of these problems amount to fatal flaws  (Dr. David Mattson)

Supplemental comments on the draft 2016 rule to remove ESA protections for Yellowstone grizzly bears

These comments augment those submitted during May of 2016 in response to the US Fish & Wildlife Service's attempts to circumvent legal comment protocols. (Dr. David Mattson)

Comments in response to the USFWS's solicitation of comments on its DPS designation

These comments address the USFWS's extra-legal efforts to circumvent concerns about its efforts to designate the Yellowstone population as a Distinct Population Segiment (DPS). (Dr. David Mattson)

Comments on the Kootenai NF's Black Ram Project draft EIS

These comments address the many short-comings of a draft EIS, since withdrawn, covering impacts of a major proposed timber sale on endangered grizzly bears in the Kootenai National Forest of northwestern Montana. (Dr. David Mattson)

Comments on the AM3 Expansion of the Bull Mountains Coal Mine

These comments address the impacts on grizzly bears likely to be caused by trains hauling coal from the Bull Mountains Mine in eastern Montana. (Dr. David Mattson)

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Objections to the Custer Gallatin NF Revised Forest Plan

These objections address the numerous short-coming related to standards the Custer Gallatin NF Plans for protecting grizzly bears. There is no acknowledgment of impacts caused by non-motorized recreation; major deficiencies in standards that address roads; and lack of habitat protection in areas outside the PCA  (Dr. David Mattson)

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Comments on the Custer Gallatin NF South Plateau Project

These comments cover failings by the Forest Service to adequately address impacts on grizzly bears of a massive proposed timber sale in an area near West Yellowstone that has long been a population sink for bears. Rather than planning to close enough roads to provide the security that bears need to survive, the project instead proposes further harmful impacts. (Dr. David Mattson)

Objections to the Kootenai NF Black Ram Project

After the Forest Service predictably ignored or dismissed out of hand virtually all public comments, the agency went ahead to issue a Record of Decision that adopted an alternative harmful to grizzlies in this region. These objections were in response. (Dr. David Mattson)

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Comments on the Custer Gallatin NF East Paradise Grazing Plan

These comments cover failings by the Forest Service to adequately analyze and address a host of issues arising from plans to restore and liberalize grazing in allotments along the east side of Paradise Valley in areas comprising critical habitat for numerous wildlife species, including grizzly bears . (Dr. David Mattson)

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Piikani Nation Treaty



Find out everything you ever wanted to know about the biology and ecology of grizzly bears. Authored by world-renowned bear biologist Dr. David Mattson, this site summarizes and synthesizes in beautiful graphic form the science of grizzly bears.


Find out how much Native Americans care about the grizzly bear, with a Grizzly Treaty that has been signed by more than 270 tribes, as well as numerous traditional societies and leaders. The document has become a symbol of international unity in defense of sovereignty, spiritual and religious protection, and treaty rights. 


For an in depth and comprehensive look at the ecology and demography of grizzly bears in the northern US Rocky Mountains, along with all the research relevant to conservation of these bears, see Mostly Natural History of the Northern Rocky Mountains.


GOAL is a coalition of nearly 50 tribes  (and counting) who object to the federal and state plans to delist grizzly bears prematurely and allow trophy

hunting of this sacred being.

GOAL advocates for the tribes'

legal right to meaningful consultation and also for the reconection of tribal peoples to their traditional homelands

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